Committee for the Prevention of Fraud in Transport (CPFT)
Fight fraud and scam. Promote fair market.
Committee for the Prevention of Fraud in Transport
Fight fraud and scam. Promote fair market.
Tel.: +33 (0)1 88 32 55 88

Scam from Moldova -

Scam from Moldova -,, is a scam website set up by cybercriminals from Moldova in 2016. This website was started based on stolen information and under fake identities. The offenders attract their victims by low prices under the disguise of fake information that they spread about themselves in the Internet pretending to be a big UK company. In actual fact, they are two crooks based and operating out of Moldova under fake identities. The scammers operate via an empty shell company Vehicle Reservation LLP.

They defraud opportunistically both consumers and carriers alike by using a variety of techniques. Since we have uncovered them, they liaise hiding under anonymous Gmail accounts posing as travel agencies, visiting groups or overseas consumers. - Fraud inception was set up under fake identities by two Moldovan individuals in 2016. They started from a theft when one of these persons, Denis Jmacov (also Денис Жмаков in Russian), a Moldovan national residing in Moldova, a former Soviet republic, stole data and working materials from his then employer. See more information directly from his former employer by following this link: Whoever needs to request more information about this individual in the framework of investigating scam, tax evasion or similar legitimate reasons please address directly his former employer. Another individual behind scam is Stefan Melestean, a Moldovan national based in Chisinau, Moldova. - Fraud development

It is without any surprise that the cybercriminals from promote their website via fraud and deception. In particular, provides fraudulent and fake information about themselves seeking to attract by deception potential victims and counterparts. Furthermore, the fraudsters from do not hesitate to advertise fake scholarships in US Colleges and Universities. – Fake information reported on reports fake information on to be a European giant of transportation founded in 2007 and employing 250-500 persons. reports fake information on to be a European giant of transportation founded in 2007 and employing 250-500 persons. – Fake information reported in Facebook fraudulently reports in Facebook to be in operation since 2000. fraudulently reports in Facebook to be in operation since 2000 scammers announce fakes scholarships in US colleges and universities

To pretend to be a big company and lure unsuspecting students from the US to write the content for their website, the fraudsters from went as far as to announce fake scholarships in a number of colleges and universities in the United States. To illustrate, here is a fake scholarship posted by fraudsters at the Washington State University.

Fake scholarhips scammers posted at Washington State Univerisity

A number of US colleges and universities fell victim to the fake scholarships scam. We were reported this scam was perpetrated in the Washington State University, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Central Piedmont Community College, Eastern Kentucky University. And we have no certitude this list is exhaustive.

To fool the students the Moldovan scammers proclaimed themselves to be "a European giant of transportation" and made reference to a number of resources with fake and misleading information they created on such resources as, Facebook, on where they posted fake information about being a UK company in operation since 2000 and employing hundreds of employees.

Empty shell entity Vehicle Reservation LLP used by cybercriminals cybercriminals use an empty shell entity Vehicle Reservation LLP registered in June 2017 in a small residential house at the address Ground Floor, 2 Woodberry Grove, London N12 0DR along with over 25 000 other shell companies. This address is actually mired in the recent Panama Papers scandal as used by shady entities and outright criminal gangs for registering empty legal entities to be primarily used for money laundering and other illegal and crimial actitivies. More information about this address and entity is available in our blog. scammers use criminal methods to promote themselves in Internet search rankings

Our investigation has revealed that the scammers use criminal methods to advance their search ranking in Google and other search engines. The technique consists in hacking various poorely protected websites in the target countries and placing the promotional content and links for the website. We have collected dozens of cases of evidence from small local websites hacked and filled with promotion for The hacked websites have a promotional link for scam at the top or at the bottom of the hacked pages. To illustrate, here is a screenshot of the hacked website,, a B&B in Salisbury in the UK, used to place an advertisement for

Hacked website used to place an advertisement for scam

Some of the hacks were discovered and removed by the webmasters and website owners. However, we estimate that hundreds of such promotional links placed by hackers remain undiscovered.

In many cases it is not easy to notice that the website was hacked as the fraudsters normally utilise the technique of placing a tiny promotional link at the bottom of the hacked page. Such links are normally only visible if the browser view setting has a zoom of 200% or higher. But such links are perfectly visible for a Google bot, thus, providing promotional backlinks for the scam. To illustrate, here is an example of the hacked website

Hacked website used to place an advertisement for scam

The same technique is equally used to place abusive content for the websites competing with the fraudsters in the Google search rankings. It is also worth mentioning that the offenders use over a hundred of porn websites to place their abusive and porn related anchor text for their competitors. This fact is another testimonty that scammers are none other than criminals and are connected to criminals.

To multiply the effect, the scammers use bots regularly visiting the links and clicking on them imitating the human behaviour. The idea is to fool a search engine into thinking the content of the website is relevant, thus, providing promotion for the scam or deteriorating web search ranking of a competing website depending on the purpose of the link. scam fake customer reviews and manipulation

To conceal their criminal activity the fraudsters from have learned to manipulate customer reviews. They post fake positive customer reviews for themselves in various customer review platforms such as in TrustPilot, Google and a number of others. The crooks from at times got so excited at the easiness of posting fake reviews that at some point they did not even bother to hide under a fake identity and posted fake reviews directly under their real name as in this fake 5-star review posted in Google by Stefan Melestean, one of the two scammers behind

Fake self review posted in Google by scam

We were also reported that they spam their competitors with fake negative reviews and fraudulently remove negative reviews about themselves. If you believe you are a victim of such abuse from scammers please report this information to us.